There is much debate as to whether Caesarian section births or vaginal births are safer for mothers and infants. Generally speaking, a C-section is unnecessary unless labor is not properly progressing or the infant is somehow distressed. There are a number of unique risks associated with the procedure that you should know about, whether or not you and your doctor have planned a C-section for your child’s birth.

The following are three of the most common risks that can result from a C-section procedure. It is the responsibility of your medical provider to perform the surgery correctly and prevent complications. If you experience any of these, you should consult with an attorney.

1. Postpartum hemorrhage

There tends to be more bleeding with a C-section than with a vaginal birth. More bleeding increases the risk of a hemorrhage, and this can be particularly dangerous when it follows birth. This can happen immediately, but it can also occur as late as 12 weeks after birth. It is the most common maternal mortality cause, though, and health care providers should monitor mothers closely to prevent it.

2. Infection of uterus or wound

If you do not bleed excessively to the point of hemorrhage, you have successfully avoided one of the most common complications of a C-section. You certainly are not in the clear, though, as you could still fell prey to an infection of the surgical wound or your uterine lining. The latter is endometritis, and both necessitate immediate treatment.

3. Injury during the surgery

Often, emergency conditions lead to an unplanned C-section that is necessary to save the life of the mother, the infant or both. In such circumstances, the risk of injury is understandably higher. Injuries that occur during surgery are still sometimes a preventable problem that remains tragically common. Such injuries—whether they affect mother or child—may be the result of medical malpractice.